Gibbs, Jeffrey A. “Matthew 10:34-39: Division and Judgment." Matthew 1:1-11:1. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2006, pp. 536-540.
Matthew 10:34-39 describes the division and familial hostility which may result from Jesus' work. Gibbs considers the infinitive construction here to serve not as an indicator of purpose, but of result (Gibbs 2006, 536) Gibbs concludes based on this passage that due to the lost nature of the world, the Gospel is often divisive. We can expect that in many instances people will refuse those proclaiming Christ, but that it is a rejection of God rather than of the messenger (Gibbs 2006, 538). The claims of Christ, however, are exclusive. Jesus here says those whose family allegiance is greater than their allegiance to him are not worthy of him. Gibbs sees this as bearing eternal weight (Gibbs 2006, 539).