Osborne, Grant R. Revelation. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2002. Location: Ellis BS 2825.53.O73 2002
III. God in Majesty and Judgment (4:1-16:21) pp. 218-602.
A. God’s Sovereignty in Judgment (4:1-11:19) pp. 219-450.
3. Seven Trumpets (8:2-11:19) pp. 339-450.
e. “Interlude: Prophecy and Witness (10:1-11:13)” pp. 390-437.
i. “John and the Little Scroll (10:1-11)” pp. 392-407.
Osborne observes that in this interlude John is included in the narrative, which also serves to reinforce the idea of a prophetic calling and mission (Osborne 2002, 390). The focus of activity shifts to those who believe Christ, setting the stage for future chapters which speak of troubles coming upon Christians (Osborne 2002, 391).
In Revelation 10:1, a mighty angel is present with an open scroll. Osborne explores theories which compare the angel to Christ or to one of the heavenly angels before he concludes that we are unable to identify the angel (Osborne 2002, 393). The angel is described as having significant signs of authority, almost divine in their nature (Osborne 2002, 394). The scroll in his hand may or may not be the one which we first saw sealed in chapter six. At the angel’s shout, the thunder responds, which Osborne sees as yet another sign of God’s sovereign control over all (Osborne 2002, 396). When Osborne considers the possible significance of the thunder, he concludes that, for whatever reason, the meaning is sealed up and is not to be revealed just now (Osborne 2002, 397).
Again, in Revelation 10:5-7, Osborne finds an emphasis on God’s sovereignty. God promises that there will be a limitation to the period of trouble (Osborne 2002, 398). The end of history will follow on the heels of the time of tribulation. God himself will bring it to pass in his own timing (Osborne 2002, 399). Osborne sees this as a clear statement that the literal end of history is coming and that nothing will stop it (Osborne 2002, 400).
Revelation 10:8-11 serves as a renewal of John’s commission as a prophet. Osborne notes the parallel of John and Ezekiel receiving a scroll and eating it (Osborne 2002, 402). The scroll is open, which means its message is available. John is not to write, but to speak. The writing is already done in the scroll John receives. John obeys immediately, taking in the scroll. Osborne cross references Psalm 119:103, Psalm 19:10, Proverbs 24:13-14, and Jeremiah 15:16, in which God’s prophet internalizes God’s word (Osborne 2002, 403). In his mouth it is sweet, but bitter in his stomach, possibly because of being a message of judgment or speaking of the persecution which will come Osborne acknowledges the bitterness as related to future suffering (Osborne 2002, 404). John is told to prophesy again, to many nations.