Friday's Orality/Rhetoric Lesson
Court, J.M. "The Didache and St. Matthews Gospel." Scottish Journal of Theology 34 (1981), 109-120.
Court sets out to "shed new light [on the Didache] by concentrating on the tradition to which the Didache itself suggests that it belongs" (Court 1981, 109). In doing so, e expects to find a relationship with Matthew's Gospel. At this point, he specifically intends to avoid discussion of relationships to other, later works.
While Court finds points of contact with Paul and with the non-Matthean Gospels, he finds a more substantial leel of contact with Matthew's Gospel. "This relationship is of a different order because it does involve a range of specific quotations, remarkably evenly distributed throughout the Didache (Court 1981, 111). Court provides a convenient table of parallels on pp. 111-112.
Court considers the material in Didache 13 o be of specific value in analyzing this relationship. Counter to Audet, he does not consider this to be "one of a series of interpolations" (Court 1981, 114). What Court finds particularly interesting is that "The Didache refers to apostles, prophets and teachers without seeming to regard them as forming a strict hierarchy, or indeed representing exclusive categories of ministry" (Court 1981, 114). Court goes on to describe a somewhat fluid dynamic of Christian workers shifting in their roles in different times. Regardless of their roles, Court observes they are to remain busy with their work. Those supported by the Gospel are to work and receive support (Court 1981, 115).
Court continues by comparing the Didache's description of the work of Christian ministers and the description found in Clement of Rome (Court 1981, 115-116). The concept of providing financial care for Christ's service is similar. However, the two texts use Old Testament passages in different ways (Court 1981, 116). The Didache tends to take Old Testament passages in a spiritual, rather than a literal, sense. The importance Court sees in this is a recognition that language of a priesthood or of firstfruits is used as a metaphor rather than an exact parallel (Court 1981, 117). Court illustrates this briefly with several passages.