Lessing, R. Reed & Andrew E. Steinmann. Prepare the Way of the Lord: An Introduction to the Old Testament. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2014. Chapter 33, “Micah” pp. 497-506.
Lessing opens this chapter by observing that Micah is often overshadowed by Amos, Hosea, and Isaiah, all from the same time period (Lessing 2014, 497). However, Micah contains some very well-known passages.
Micah is not known for his parentage but for his hometown, near Gath. Micah made much of his rural background but defended his role as a genuine prophet (Lessing 2014, 497).
The frequent restoration passages in Micah have suggested to some that Micah was a post-exilic compilation. Lessing affirms the possibility of predictive prophecy, so doesn’t have a problem with unity of composition prior to the events (Lessing 2014, 498).
Micah basically divides into three parts: chapters 1-3, 4-5, and 6-7. The ideas generally flow from judgment to forgiveness (Lessing 2014, 498). The work of Micah was between 751 and 687 B.C. There are addresses about both Samaria and Jerusalem (Lessing 2014, 500). This time was characterized by economic and military turmoil. The rising power of Assyria along with demographic shifts caused considerable cultural confusion.
Micah’s prophecies give an important role to the idea of a remnant (Lessing 2014, 501). God always plans and succeeds in saving some people for himself. The theme of disaster is also prominent (Lessing 2014, 502). God’s control of the world extends to his bringing disaster, if needed, to resolve a conflict. Christ is pictured in the new David coming to rule Israel (Lessing 2014, 503). He is both gentle and mighty. He is the one who works peace and brings light out of darkness. By his power he confronts sin. As the merciful Lord he will lead his people out of sin.