Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes in One). Amazon Kindle Edition, 2014.
Volume 2, Ante-Nicene Christianity A.D. 100-325, “Chapter 8. Christian life in Contrast with Pagan Corruption.” Sections 88-103, Loc. 16158-17158.
§ 96. Secular Callings and Civil Duties.
Schaff observes that Christians have freedom to enter into any normal human relationship, level of society, or occupation (Schaff 2014, Loc. 16599). However, Christians historically have renounced participation in magical arts, worship of idols, and other ways of life. This would naturally separate them from some occupations (Schaff 2014, Loc. 16609). Some were accepting of Christian involvement in military service, while others were not. Generally, while government was predominantly in the hands of pagans, Christians did not aspire to such offices, which would entangle them with paganism (Schaff 2014, Loc. 16619). Counter to Gibbon, who suggests Christians withdrew from society due to a disregard for society, Schaff thinks Christians were hesitant to participate in the idolatry. Otherwise, they cared greatly for society (Schaff 2014, Loc. 16633). While some blame Christians for the fall of Rome, Schaff says Rome collapsed all by itself, despite the cohesion which Christianity could provide 16638).