Pieper, Francis. Christian Dogmatics: Volume 2. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1968.
“The Mode, or Manner, of Christ’s Omnipresence According to His Human Nature” (Loc. 4044)
Opposition to Christ’s human nature in communion with omnipresence is due to “fear of the notion of a local extension of Christ’s body or His human nature” (Loc. 4044). The accusation against Lutherans is that of ubiquity, saying Christ is bodily present in all places. However, Lutherans affirm Christ’s bodily presence only in communion, according to his own word.
Pieper goes on, beginning at Loc. 4106, to describe ways Jesus is described as present in Scripture. First, he has a “praesentia localis” when he is in a location, such as a manger, a boat, etc. We also find when Jesus appears after the resurrection that he can come through solid material. We also find hits of this in John 8:59 and Luke 4:30. This is an “illocal” or “definitive” presence. Pieper observes at Loc. 4148 that the Reformed object to this view. However, it cannot be overcome without neglect of several Scripture passages. We also conclude that since Christ is human and divine, the humanity remains present wherever God the Son shows himself. This Pieper calls the “praesentia supernaturalis et divina” (Loc. 4188).