Kolb, Robert. The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000.
Augsburg Confession VIII, “What Is the Church?” p. 43.
Apology to the Augsburg Confession VII-VIII “The Church” pp. 174-183.
The Church is “nothing else than the assembly of all believers and saints” (Kolb 2000, 44) yet there are unrighteous people assembled as well. The Confession affirms that the Sacraments are efficacious even if administered by one who is unrighteous.
The Confutation condemned articles VII and VIII, which the Apology takes up together (p. 174). Because of the Evangelicals’ commitment to not casting out hypocrites from the Church, they affirmed the association with the people and the means of grace. The sacraments are effective even if not administered in faith (Kolb 2000, 175). The time for segregating the godly and the wicked will come, and at that time God will care for it all (Kolb 2000, 177). A controversy arose as to whether worship traditions were to be observed in the same way in all places (Kolb 2000, 182). Since there is New Testament evidence of variety, this is rejected (Kolb 2000, 182).
Discussion specifically pertaining to the eighth article is limited to p. 184. The opponents approved that article. The apology simply restates it and urges that Christians should live and work in unity as well as they are able.