The Five Parts of Rhetoric
Quintilian, and J.S. Watson. Institutes of Oratory. Edited by Lee Honeycutt, 2010. Kindle Electronic Edition. Book III Chapter 3.
Quintilian analyzes oratory. Most writers say it “consists of five parts: invention, arrangement, expression, memory, and delivery” (III.3.1). Some writers have asserted that memory and delivery are matters of nature, not art, so have only included the first three (III.3.4). Some have included judgment after invention (III.3.5). Cicero sometimes includes judgment and sometimes does not (III.3.7). Quintilian cites several other ways that the element may be classified, but observes that all are essentially different forms of classification, not different elements. “There have been also many writers inclined to think that these divisions should not be called parts of the art of oratory but duties of the orator” (III.3.11). Quintilian prefers to address it as an art rather than a skill. He further mentions three parts of oratory, indicating functions, “panegyrical, the deliberative, and the judicial” (III.3.15).
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