Mondays are for Church History - 12/26/16
Gonzalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity: The Reformation to the Present Day. Revised and Updated ed. Vol. 2. New York: HarperCollins, 2010b. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Chapter 19 “Catholic Orthodoxy” Loc. 3260-3403.
Gonzalez notes that within the Roman Catholic church the proceedings of the Council of Trent were not wholly received. Some considered it to reform in ways they thought inappropriate, while some thought the reaction against Protestantism eroded grace (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3266). A centralized papal authority made many in European courts uneasy (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3273). Various moves to shift power into an assembly of bishops or councils continued. In France, these movements continued until the French Revolution (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3296).
The Jesuit society, originally founded as a papal army, was dissolved in 1773 after some years of being expelled from different nations (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3309).
Because of fears that Trent’s opposition to Protestant views could depart from Augustine’s teachings about grace, debates arose about grace and about predestination (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3317). In several instances, teachers interpreted Augustine in ways which were similar to Calvin, so were condemned (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3325). A zealous movement, Jansenism, arose after 1640 with such claims of grace and predestination. This became popular in France, but was banned because of its sectarian tendencies (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3332).
Another important move was quietism (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3361). In this movement, the believer was to be utterly passive and be assumed into God. This led to a strongly mystical movement (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 3377).
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