Morris, Leon. The Gospel according to Matthew. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1992.
“III. Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee, 4:12-13:52” pp. 79-363.
Due to the length of this portion, we will divide notes roughly by biblical chapter.
“Matthew 10” pp. 241-271.
Jesus’ second discourse in Matthew’s Gospel began at Matthew 9:35, as Jesus pointed out the need for workers in his harvest. Chapter 10 continues with the work of the twelve Jesus sends out. Morris observes that the charge given is unique to Matthew, though much of the other teaching appears in Mark and Luke (Morris 1992, 241). Here the Twelve are appointed as apostles. Morris comments on how little we know of some of the, suggesting that it is no shame for us to live in relative obscurity (Morris 1992, 242). These men have authority for their mission of exorcism and healing (Morris 1992, 242). The apostles are listed in Matthew, Mark, and Luke with some variants in order. Matthew may have them in the pairs they were in on their mission (Morris 1992, 243). “Matthew was more interested in the instructions Jesus gave the preachers than in the actual trip, for he mentions neither that they departed, nor where they went, nor when they returned” (Morris 1992, 245). They are to go to Israel, preaching and healing (Morris 1992, 245). They are to go to Israel, preaching and healing (Morris 1992, 246), not taking the normal provisions one takes on a journey (Morris 1992, 247). As to lodging arrangements, Morris thinks the caution against moving house to house is most likely to encourage urgency and moves from town to town (Morris 1992, 249).
In Matthew 1016-25 the instruction reaches beyond the immediate mission even to future generations, warning of persecution (Morris 1992, 251). Though the disciples are already and will remain in danger, the Master will care for them and use their careful forethought for protection (Morris 1992, 252). The reference to arrest and testimony before kings points clearly to future events as well (Morris 1992, 254). In verses 21 and following the conflicts over the Gospel will extend even to families (Morris 1992, 255). Jesus’ believers are to remain firm in trust (Morris 1992, 256).
Morris discusses various views of Jesus’ coming in Matthew 10:23. He suggests the most likely understanding is that it refers to the resurrection, the climax of Jesus’ work (Morris 1992, 258).
In verses 26-42 Morris notes that the summary teachings appear scattered throughout Mark and Luke. These teachings restate God’s care for his followers (Morris 1992, 261). The proper fear is not of those who can kill the body only but of God who can bring utter destruction (Morris 1992, 263). Yet at the same time the God who cares for insignificant birds certainly cares for his people (Morris 1992, 264). Though the deep division for the sake of the Gospel is very serious, Jesus states a greater value on trust in God (Morris 1992, 266).