Mitch, Curtis & Edward Sri. The Gospel of Matthew. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010. Kindle Electronic Edition.
“The Messiah’s Sonship and Suffering (Matthew 16:1-28” pp. 201-213.
Mitch identifies Matthew 16 as pivotal because it both declares who Jesus is and the arrest and death awaiting him (Mitch 2010, 201). In the confrontation with Pharisees and Sadducees Mitch sees evidence that the Sanhedrin has sent investigators to Galilee from Jerusalem (Mitch 2010, 202). Jesus denies a sign other than “the sign of Jonah” which Mitch identifies as Jesus’ death and resurrection. It is not clear from the text whether the hearers understood this sign.
In verses 5-12 Jesus pints out his disciples’ lack of faith in the Father’s provision (Mitch 2010, 203). He warns them about false teaching (Mitch 2010, 204).
In verses 13-20 Jesus questions his disciples about public recognition of his identity. Though the people have mixed opinions, Peter affirms Jesus as the Messiah (Mitch 2010, 205). This response of faith calls down divine blessings upon Peter (Mitch 2010, 207). Mitch asserts an identity between “Peter” and the “rock” in the passage despite the gender difference, but gives no reason aside from his assertion (Mitch 2010, 207). Mitch discusses the authority to bind and loose at some length, describing it as effectual and transferred to the heirs of Peter’s office.
As the chapter closes, Jesus moves mentally and verbally toward Jerusalem, marking a major shift in the Gospel account (Mitch 2010, 211). The life of a disciple involves willingness to follow Jesus to the death (Mitch 2010, 212).