Osborne, Grant R. Revelation. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2002. Location: Ellis BS 2825.53.O73 2002
“IV. Final Judgment at the Arrival of the Eschaton (17:1-20:15)” pp. 603-725.
“A. Destruction of Babylon the Great (17:1-19:5)” pp. 605-668.
“3. Hallelujah Chorus - Joy at His Just Judgment (19:1-5” pp. 662-668.
Revelation 19:1-5 records a song of praise to God. Osborne observes that here only in the New Testament is the word Ἀλληλουιά used (Osborne 2002, 662). The praise is a respose to God’s judgment of Babylon. It is called forth by those surrounding the throne, but is carried out by a great multitude, apparently Christians who died for their faith (Osborne 2002, 663). The joy is expressed because in this act of judgment God has rescued His people, and that his justice is “true and just” (Osborne 2002, 664). Osborne notes that God’s punishment of Babylon will last forever, according to Revelation 19:3, and that this is also a matter of praise, since the corresponding rescue of God’s people will also last forever (Osborne 2002, 665).