Motyer, J. Alec. The Prophecy of Isaiah: An Introduction & Commentary. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993. “Isaiah 56-66: The Book of the Anointed Conqueror” “The Coming of the Anointed Conqueror (59:14-63:6)” Loc. 13889-14553.
Motyer finds Isaiah 59:14-63:6 as a move from observation to action. God has seen his people threatened, harassed, even defeated. He moves to work salvation for his people and venteance against his enemies (Motyer 1993, Loc. 13892). The individual in 61:1, who speaks for God, is very like the Servant of the Servant Songs (Motyer 1993, Loc. 13918). Motyer notes great similarity in the structures of these passages.
Isaiah 59:14-20 speaks of the situation of God’s people. God’s commitment for salvation and vengeance becomes clear (Motyer 1993, Loc. 13938). God is indignant at the troubles which come upon his people. He dresses himself as the one who can bring justice (Motyer 1993, Loc. 13965).
God works justice through a singular “you” introduced in Isaiah 59:21 (Motyer 1993, Loc. 13991). This serves to introduce chapter 60, in which the Lord will establish a city a nd complete the blessing promised to Abraham (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14010). Isaiah’s picture of the city is a place of light (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14038). It is a world-wide community (Is. 60:4). The nations come together as God’s people. Those who enter have turned to God. They no longer have their old religion (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14114). The transformation is complete. Isaiah describes a wide variety of changes which occur. All is done by God’s provision (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14159).
Isaiah 61 brings in the Anointed One again (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14189). Here he is the one who transforms the world. Likewise, God’s work is transferred to the Anointed One. The people who have been broken will be restored by the Anointed One (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14215). The language of replacement is important. God replaces each ill with a corresponding good. Motyer identifies yet another song in 61:10-62:12 (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14341). Here the Servant works joyfully and urgently at salvation. God’s people in Zion are the crown of God. They show him to be king (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14394). The land is a delight because God has visited it.
Isaiah 63:1-6 then summarizes the power of God. His power is shown in comfort, but here in his wrath (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14474). The Anointed One is the one clothed in salvation. He now acts in wrath (Motyer 1993, Loc. 14502).