Mondays are for Church History - 10/17/16
Gonzalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity: The Reformation to the Present Day. Revised and Updated ed. Vol. 2. New York: HarperCollins, 2010b. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Chapter 9 “Further Developments within Lutheranism” Loc. 1747-1897.
After a peace treaty in Nuremberg in 1532, which stipulated that the Lutheran doctrines could not expand, the growth of the faith continued (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1754). Gonzalez details some of the complex political situations which contributed to the spread of Lutheranism during the 1530s, including various invasions and the death of several rulers who were loyal to Rome. There were also failures among the Protestants. Notably, Philip of Hesse remained married to a wife with whom he was not intimate, so secretly married a second wife (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1782), creating a scandal. Other setbacks included a Saxon duke who, though Protestant, declined to contribute to a rebellious alliance with the others. Further, Luther’s death in 1546 eroded some of the unity in the movement. Finally, the emperor invaded and captured numerous leaders, then imposed the “Augsburg Interim” (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1798), a temporary command to unity with Rome in many matters. This was not accepted widely. This sentiment sparked military retaliation (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1813). After some negotiations it was agreed that the people of a region could hold the religious vow of their ruler (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1827). This applied only to Roman and Lutheran faiths, not the more radical branches of the Reformation. Gonzalez points out that farther to the north, in Scandinavia, the Lutheran points of view were taken up by the monarchs and embraced solidly (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1844). After some turbulent starts, Protestantism was allowed to be taken up freely. By 1533 it was firmly established (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1866).
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