Chapter 4, “La Tradition Du Texte Et Les Principes De La Presente Edition” pp. 102-128.
In this chapter Rordorf traces the text of the Didache. The direct tradition is represented in the 11th century Hierosolymitanus 54, signed and dated Tuesday June 11, 1056, by one Leon (Rordorf 1978, 102). The manuscript also contains other early texts. This manuscript is largely in agreement with earlier texts of the other works (Rordorf 1978, 105). The Didache is known through references in Eusebius, Athanasius, and Nicephorus, but the text had been presumed lost (Rordorf 1978, 108). Papyrus Oxyrhynchus of 1782 provides some fragmentary portions of the Didache, dating to the 4th century. These texts are adequately similar to the text in Hierosolymitanus 54 that they are now known to be part of the Didache (Rordorf 1978, 111). Additionally, P. Lond. Or. 9271 contains a Coptic version of part of Didache chapter 10. This was discovered in 1923 (Rordorf 1978, 112). Also extant are some Ethiopian extracts collected with the texts of Hippolytus (Rordorf 1978, 114). There are some quotations and allusions now noted in some other ancient documents, such as the end of the Epistle of Barnabas (Rordorf 1978, 118). Book VII of Apostolic Constitutions also seems to include a paraphrase of the Didache (Rordorf 1978, 120). Other ancient sources detailed by Rordorf appear to have some quotations.