Kolb, Robert. The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000.
“Introduction to the Apology of the Augsburg Confession” pp. 107-108.
I have placed this introduction here, immediately after the introduction to the Augsburg Confession because the articles in the Confession and the Apology will be treated together.
The Apology was composed over a period of 15 months after the presentation of the Confession. “Its complicated history helps explain the origin of its intricate arguments” (Kolb 2000, 107). After the presentation, the emperor asked if there were additional documents forthcoming. The plan was to continue dialog if there was a response to the Confession. The Confutation was written, at which time a response was prepared. The Confutation went through at least two drafts, which were not distributed to the Evangelicals initially as the emperor could not secure agreement that a reply would not be made (Kolb 2000, 108). To obtain the Confutation the Evangelicals hired transcriptionists to hear it read. The Apology, in part, was ready for reading in Augsburg on September 22, but was barred, breaking down talks. In October, Melanchthon obtained a copy of the Confutation and expanded his responses. This expansion was published in April or May of 1531 (Kolb 2000, 108). There was a second edition published in September 1531 which became a more accepted official version until 1580, when article VII was replaced by the article from the first edition (Kolb 2000, 108).