Forde, Gerhard O. The Preached God: Proclamation in Word and Sacrament. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2007. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Chapter 7, “The Lord’s Supper as the Testament of Jesus” Loc. 1999-2066.
Because justification is by grace through faith, Forde asserts “that the Lord’s Supper is properly understood and used only when it is administered and received as gospel - as sheer, unmerited gift” (Forde 2007, Loc. 1999). Regardless of the type of meal, Passover or not, the context is that of Jesus’ approach to his betrayal (Forde 2007, Loc. 2006). By Jesus’ own words, he gives his body and blood over for his disciples (Forde 2007, Loc. 2011). In doing so, Jesus names his disciples as his heirs (Forde 2007, Loc. 2020).
Forde observes that the understanding of communion as a re-enactment reverses the entire meaning (Forde 2007, Loc. 2032). In this view we are presenting the body and blood to God rather than seeing that he presents himself to us. This robs the sacrament of the gospel.
As a systematic consideration Forde holds that the term “testament” rather than “covenant” rightly expresses the inheritance coming from Jesus to his people (Forde 2007, oc. 2036). Further, the sacrament is a real event, not a representation (Forde 2007, Loc. 2044). The repetition is held to be a repetition of Jesus’ giving himself for his people, nothing less (Forde 2007, Loc. 2050). The event is as real for our time as for the apostles.