Mitch, Curtis & Edward Sri. The Gospel of Matthew. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010. Kindle Electronic Edition.
“The Mission of the Twelve (Matthew 9:35-10:42)” pp. 137-149.
Mitch notes that Matthew 9:35 is a repetition of 4:23 and signifies the end of a narrative of Jesus’ teaching and healing (Mitch 2010, 138). Matthew then moves on immediately to discuss the way Jesus establishes apostolic leadership. Because there are not enough people who direct others to the Savior, Jesus appoints twelve apostles. This is parallel to the leaders of the twelve tribes of Israel and may well point to Jesus as the new Moses (Mitch 2010, 140). Matthew points to Peter as the pre-eminent one of the apostles. Mitch sees the order of the apostles as significant, with its delay of Judas to last (Mitch 2010, 140). Other structural features of this passage include a chiasm in 9:35-10:8, with its peak at “gave them authority” (10:1) (Mitch 2010, 141). The twelve use this authority to care for God’s people (Mitch 2010, 141).
The twelve are to go out with no resources, trusting God (Mitch 2010, 143). While they did not provide for themselves they were to find someone who would receive their teaching, bring peace to the household where they stay, and be provided for (Mitch 2010, 144). Just the same the twelve will be attacked in various ways. In all these trials they trust in God’s care for them (Mitch 2010, 145).
Mitch reminds the reader that Jesus’ warning to his apostles was not to defend themselves, but to hold fast to the Gospel, regardless of the potential for suffering (Mitch 2010, 146). God is the one with power over our soul and body. Those who persecute us have power only over our body (Mitch 2010, 146).
Jesus closes this discourse by speaking o the discord which will accompany his work. “The proclamation of the kingdom will cause division not because of the message itself but because of the ways people receive it” (Mitch 2010, 148). Those who are worthy in his kingdom will hold to the Gospel even against opposition.