Mondays are for Church History - 9/19/16
Gonzalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity: The Reformation to the Present Day. Revised and Updated ed. Vol. 2. New York: HarperCollins, 2010b. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Chapter 5 “Ulrich Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation” Loc. 995-1126.
Gonzalez turns to a more radical branch of the Reformation with Ulrich Zwingli (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1001). Zwingli, born in 1484, studied in Bern, Vienna, and Basel. He was not only a strong humanist, but also a priest (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1001). He was also a patriot, going along on mercenary tours, concluding that the mercenaries were bad for society (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1009). He reached many theological conclusions which were similar to Luther’s (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1015). He distanced himself from indulgences and shows of papal authority (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1028) This movement was more radical in its behaviors than Luther’s, including violation of traditions of fasting and also celibacy (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1044). In an effort to regain biblical practice Zwingli banned the use of instruments not found in the Bible (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1051). Communion was made less frequent, received while sitting, and included bread and cup (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1058). Zwingli died in a military action against Zurich in 1531 (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1066). Zwingli took a higher view of human reason than did Luther (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1082). Luther took a much higher view of the sensual rather than of the rational (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1096). Zwingli held to a view of the elements in communion as symbols, rather than real body and blood (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 110). In the Marburg Colloquy of 1529, Zwingli and his followers debated issues with Luther and his followers. They failed to agree on the sacramental nature of communion (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1112). This made for two distinct branches of the Reformation (Gonzalez 2010b, Loc. 1119).
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