Fagerberg, Holsten, and Eugene Lund. A New Look at the Lutheran Confessions (1529-1537). St. Louis: Concordia, 1988. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Chapter 9, “The Ministry” Loc. 5297-5891.
An understanding of the nature of the ministry was important at the time of Luther and Melanchthon. Some viewed the ministry as belonging to all believers, while some viewed it as an outgrowth of the apostolate (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5297). AC V on “The Office of the Ministry” does not deal very directly with this question, rather focusing on the function of delivering Word and Sacrament (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5318). Tis has led to a definition of the ministry in very functional terms (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5344). Fagerberg observes that the question at hand was not whether the Church could call or ordain people. “What AP rejects is the Roman Catholic interpretation of the ministry as a service of sacrifice” (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5420).
It is important to consider the appropriate tasks of the ministry. “One of the fundamental ideas in Roman Catholic theology is that the priests and bishops of the church continue here on earth the work of the incarnate but now exalted Christ” (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5509). “The Confessions reject the idea of the ministry as a service of sacrifice” (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5539). The work of the ministry is centered on Christ and His Word, not on the minister (Fagerberg 1988, Loc. 5613)